The Conflict with Renamo, 1976-1992
«April 1983»

Dossier MZ-0020


1977 1978 September 1981


38. Orlando Cristina Shot Dead in Pretoria; Frelimo Party IV Congress in Maputo

The window on the farm

Above : Paulo Oliveira of Renamo standing in front of the bedroom window on the Pretoria farm, through which Orlando Cristina was shot and killed.

The shadowy MNR/Renamo leader Orlando Cristina was shot dead as he lay in bed on a farm outside Pretoria. Cristina had been a big/game hunter, and in colonial times was supposedly a PIDE agent who had infiltrated FRELIMO and even been sent to Algeria for military training. His death appeared to have been the result of internal power struggles within the South African-backed rebel movement.

Public executions continued, this time in Hulene, a Maputo suburb, when six captured MNR were shot by firing squad at a public rally after having been sentenced to death by the Tribunal Militar Revolucionário or TMR.


Consolidated Downloadable Zipped Files

Click on the yellow folder image below to download an unsorted zipped archive of documents and press clippings in PDF format concerning the armed conflict between Renamo/MNR and the Mozambican government in April 1983.

Zipped file image